guide to the prevention of nuclear disasters
|With regard to nuclear facility accidents that require protection
measures, there are various procedures that take place after notice
of special event is sent from nuclear operators to the national
government and local governments, emergency operation centers are
established, and measures are taken, and before restoration to normal.
The basic flow of the procedures is shown below:
and implementation of warning activities
the time of occurrence of an accident are reported in detail from
the nuclear operator to the related organizations of the national
government and local governments. After notice activities for the
collection of information and preparation for off-site emergency
centers get underway.
| • Provision
of emergency operation centers
national government and local governments review scrutinize the
contents of reports, including advice from specialists, and establish
emergency operation centers.
information for residents
are taken to provide public information for residents.
| • Measurement
and prediction of radiation dose
dose around the nuclear facility is immediately monitored. Based
on the monitored data, temporary measures are decided.
of protection measures
are implemented for residents in order to reduce radiation exposure
for residents living nearby the site as much as possible.
medical activities and supply of necessities
|In the event of
an emergency, medical teams are composed in order to implement medical
treatment promptly and precisely. In addition, necessities are supplied.
national government and local governments promptly take recovery
measures against nuclear disaster.